Beekeeping Bee Colony Problems Varroa Mites
Article by Julie Davis
Varroa mites were primarily discovered in the United States in the year 1987, and next the mites were found in the state of North Carolina 3 years soon after. The mites have since spread throughout the rest of the U.S.. They are believed to be the most dangerous pest of honeybees internationally. Contaminated colonies would die within one to two years unless the beekeeper takes the required actions to rid the colony of the mites.
The Varroa mites are exterior parasites of the drone and worker bees. They prefer drones, nonetheless can infect the workers as well. Varroa mites are discernible with the naked eye and appear fairly like a tick. The mated female moves into a brood cell together with older bee larvae.
Mites would feed on the larvae food or perforate the larval body and feed on the bee’s blood. The mated female mite will lay an egg every thirty six hours on the wall of the cell. The first egg will be unfertilized and grow into a male. The other eggs are fertilized would surface into females. The young mites feed on the growing pupa. The young females would then mate together with the male and come out from the cell as soon as the bee emerges. The female mites would next penetrate another cell or affix themselves to an adult bee to feed on. Via traveling or robbing, the Varroa mites may spread to numerous colonies.
There are noticeable warning signs of the damage from the mites on the newly transpired bees, which is due to the mites feeding on the immature bee within the cell. The newly materialized bee will be smaller than average, have crumpled or disjointed wings, with reduced abdomens. The life span of the contaminated bee is likewise reduced. Serious infestations from the mite in the cell, that is more than a few mated mature female mites in one cell, can initiate death to the pupa.
Some other indications of mite influx are the swift weakening of the colony, lessened mature bee population, mass departure of the hive by crowded bees, queen’s lack of performance, blotchy offspring, along with unusual brood.
So as to control this therefore you have to detect early indications. So as to spot Varroa mites then you have to adhere to a few techniques.
To learn in relation to additional diseases that can affect your colonies and ways to avoid them go to Beginner Beekeeping.
About the Author
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