Beekeeping Bee Colony Troubles Tracheal Mites Detection and Treatment
Primarily detected in the United States of America in 1984, the Tracheal mite has caused the loss of millions of colonies plus millions of dollars. The tracheal mite may perhaps infest the tracheal system of the adult honey bee, they favor adult bees less than four days old. Levels seem to be at the highest for the period of winter and spring. As soon as they are on the bee, the mites are attracted to the carbon dioxide exhaled and penetrate the spiracles to be found on the thorax, that lead to the tracheal system. They can penetrate the wall of the trachea and suck the blood of the bee. When in the tracheal system the mites live, reproduce and la eggs.
The adult along with the eggs close the tubes of the trachea, which impairs oxygen intact of the bee. For the reason that they perforate the trachea in order to feed, they would transmit minor sickness and pathogens. The bee dies from the disturbance to respiration injury to the trachea, and from the loss of blood. After over 30 percent of the population are contaminated with tracheal mites, honey making could be decreased. The chances of winter survival lowers with rising invasion of the mite. Mites are transmitted from bee to bee in a colony via robbing or traveling bees.
Contaminated bees could be noticed leaving the colony and struggling on the grass only outside the hive. They would scramble up the blades of grass or the hive, plummet back downward and try over again. The wings may possibly be disjointed and the bees will be powerless to soar. If you are hesitant regardingwith regards to a tracheal mite plague, mail sample bees in alcohol to your community region extension agent for confirmation.
One approach of avoiding tracheal mites is an oil extender patty. It consists of two portions sugar to 1 part vegetable shortening. Form a tiny patty more or less 4 inches in diameter. Sandwich it between wax paper. Cut the wax paper around the edges so the bees have access to the patty. Put the patty on top of the frames in the center within the hive body. The bees would be attracted to the sugar and get oil on their body. The oil makes it difficult for the mites to find fitting bee hosts. The oil patties would not contaminate the honey supply so they could be used for lengthened periods.
There is one more technique intended for managing tracheal mite infestations. Menthol may perhaps be utilized and is obtainable in the majority of bee supply stores. The temperature should be exceeding sixty degrees F in order for the menthol to work. The bees inhale the vapor, which dehydrates the mites. Menthol ought to be removed during a nectar flow so that the honey is not contaminated.
To find out about additional infections which may well have an effect on your colonies and methods to avoid them visit Beginner Beekeeping
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