Four Basic Fundamentals of Honey Beekeeping. More and more people are finding themselves having the burning desire to know more about what goes into beekeeping, and a huge percentage of the curious individuals have a true yearning to start this activity and succeed. Irrespective of which group you may identify with my aim is to give you sufficient information that you can use to get you going in the right direction.
There are over 20 000 species of bees and out of that number less than ten species are actual producers of honey. So don’t be fooled, not every bee you may see is a honey bee and with this article I’ll be touching on the four basic fundamentals that encapsulates the honey bee.
1. The Colony :-Honey bees typically live in a colony, and to the untrained mind a colony may look like total chaos and disorder but that’s not the case at all bees are some of the most organised insects on the planet. They have an order which is second to none and every member of the colony has duties that they are assigned to and they live out their lives ensuring that this order is maintained.
In a colony you have the Queen whose sole responsibility is to lay fertile eggs, the drones provide the queen with sperm she uses to fertilize the eggs she lays. The worker bees are the lifeline of the colony as they forage, build the combs, feed larvae, and they act as the line of defense protecting the entire colony. If that doesn’t show loyalty and order I don’t know what will, just to indicate the high level of loyalty bees have they’ll sting anything that threatens the colony even if doing so will kill them.
2. Honey :-Bees produce honey to feed on, mostly in winter season when food is scarce, the quality of the produced honey is influenced by a variety of factors. The nectar foraged from certain crops, weeds and bushes will give the honey a certain taste and aroma and the taste and aroma depends on the nectar that was collected from those plants.
3. Pollination :-We cannot deny the important role bees play in pollinating plants thus ensuring the continuation of many plant species that most inhabitants of planet earth live on. About a third of crops that are being farmed in the U.S alone, depend on pollination from honey bees. It’s safe to say that they contribute a lot in this sector.
4. Safety of the Colony :-Honey bees are very loyal to their colonies and would go to any lengths to ensure the continuity and survival of their species even if it kills them. The humble and loyal worker bees are the ones that have been given the duty of defending the colony above all the other duties they have. Bees communicate by means of releasing odours and certain chemicals, for instance whenever a bee releases pheromone that signifies an attack and the bees that have been notified will instantly set off on attack mode.
In conclusion I’d like to reiterate that honey beekeeping is very fun and it requires one to be plugged in and focused at all times, conditions can change at any moment in this activity thus challenging the beekeeper to be as knowledgeable as possible with current information to be able to roll with the punches.
Article by Rudolf Stinge. Want to learn how to be a master honey beekeeper?